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What is Ranked Voting?

Ranked voting a.k.a “Instant Run-Off Voting,” allows voters to rank up to three candidates, in order of preference, when marking their ballots. It is also called alternative vote (AV), transferable vote, (single-seat) ranked choice voting (RCV), or preferential voting. This voting system is commonly used to elect a single candidate from a field of more than two candidates.In this kind of voting system, voters rank outcomes in a hierarchy on the ordinal scale.

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This seems to be the most democratic way of voting, however, it is only employed by several jurisdictions in America. Only San Francisco, San Leandro, and Oakland in California; Portland, Maine; Minneapolis and Saint Paul in Minnesota is using this kind of voting system.

StP Example Ballot - Lakes